DETAILING TERMINOLOGY

A lot of companies and detailers use big words when it comes to paint correction, protection, and ceramic coatings, but not many explain what they all actually mean. At OCD we believe in educating our clients and helping them better understand various detailing products and techniques.

Two Bucket Method
The leading cause of swirls and scratches is improper washing and drying. Over 95% of swirls and scratches are caused by the owners loving and caring for their cars but doing so incorrectly. The professionals use two buckets whenever washing cars to dramatically reduce the amount of abrasive dirt washed back onto the car. One bucket contains the soap solution, the other contains clean water. The wash mitt is rinsed in the clean water after every panel is cleaned, before being dipped in soap.

 

Clay Bar
Clay Bar is an engineered resin compound used to remove contaminants from the surface of your car's paint, glass, 
fiberglass and metal.

 

Carnauba
Carnauba wax is a natural wax. It comes from the leaves of the Copernicia palm tree grown only in Brazil. It produces the highest shine possible on your paintwork and can be applied by palm, machine or microfiber applicator.

 

Sealant
Sealant is a synthetic wax, applied to paintwork - as opposed to organic Carnauba. While the gloss may not be as deep as organic wax, on average sealants will last two to three times the duration of organic wax. Sealants can be layered in conjunction with wax to create the ultimate protection and shine.

 

Paint Correction
Paint correction is a term used to describe the restoration of paintwork. It often includes scratch & swirl removal, watermark etching and oxidization repair. 

 

Single Stage Paint Correction
A single stage machine polish will remove many light swirls and scratches in the paintwork
, however, deeper marks will remain. The depth of paint will greatly increase; however not as deep as it could be with more steps taken; such as in a two-stage compound and polish.

 

Two Stage Paint Correction
Two-stage correction is also referred to as a 'cut and polish'. The first, cutting, phase employs a heavier compound and pad to remove deeper swirls & scratches than a polish can by itself. This stage is followed up by a refining polish to leave a deep gloss and swirl-free paint surface. 

 

Ceramic Technology

 

Ceramic Coating
Ceramic coating is a semi-permanent coating that provides a barrier between your paint and harsh elements. Ceramic, Nano coating, Quartz, Glass, Silica coatings – all refer to the same technology so don’t be confused if one detailer refers to it as Silica and the other as glass, it’s the same product. 

 

Pencil Hardness
Pencil Hardness Test, commonly used by manufacturers of clear and pigmented surface coatings.  The Pencil Hardness test is used to determine the scratch resistance of a coating surface by using pencils to scratch the surface and rate the scratch resistance in relation to that pencils hardness and other materials of similar hardness. 9H is a standard pencil hardness of quality ceramic coatings.

 

Hydrophobic Properties
Hydrophobicity creates water drops, as it repels water. This is important as the hydrophobicity repels water on surfaces which will encourage the surface to be self-cleaning through the introduction of water.

 

Contact Angle
This goes hand in hand with Hydrophobic property of a coating.  Higher hydrophobicity = higher angle. 
Contact angle less than 90° will stick to the surface, whereas the higher the angle above 90°, the more water will bead up and roll off the surface.  At OCD, we have several levels of Ceramic coatings, all surpassing the 90° contact angle, with the highest package available at >120° angle.

See images below for a better understanding of Hydrophobicity and Contact Angles.

 

Liquids, Man, How Do They Work?

The common behavior of liquids is that it has a tendency to stick to things, including itself. Therefore, a surface is classified as either hydrophobic (scared of water) or hydrophilic (loving water) by the way it interacts with liquid, specifically water droplets.

A droplet that has absolutely no interaction with a surface will bead up into a perfect sphere and will have a contact angle of 180°whilst a water droplet that completely wets the surface has a contact angle of 0°.

 

 

Contact Angle Significance

If the water droplet sticks more to the surface than itself, that surface is hydrophilic, and the water droplet will have a contact angle of less than 90°.

If the water droplet tends to stick to itself more than it sticks to the surface, that surface is hydrophobic and water droplets will bead up to a contact angle of more than 90°.

Why is Hydrophobicity Important?

Hydrophobicity creates water drops, as it repels water. This is important as the hydrophobicity repels water on surfaces which will encourage the surface to be self-cleaning through the introduction of water.

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